As both the current and future impacts of climate change are coming into focus, policymakers, communities, households, and individuals around the world are taking steps to prepare for and respond to these challenges proactively. While greater awareness now exists of the types of challenges climate change engenders, many decisionmakers still lack context-specific information on climate […]
Agriculture is extremely important to Cambodia, representing at least one-third of the nation’s gross domestic product and providing employment to around 60 percent of the labor force. It is perhaps the most sensitive sector to changes in climate, with higher temperatures stressing plants, livestock, and workers, and rainfall variation through droughts and floods leading to crop losses and food insecurity. While it is important to consider the impact of climate change on agricultural production, it is also important to consider other cross-cutting issues to achieve the goals of Feed the Future and the Global Food Security Strategy—especially gender and nutrition. This policy note summarizes assessments of these linkages in Cambodia under the Gender, Climate Change, and Nutrition Integration Initiative (GCAN).
Climate change, coupled with high levels of poverty and population density, is a substantial threat to sustainable development in Bangladesh. Climate-related threats, such as flooding, inundation, salt-water intrusion, and changes in temperatures are increasing with climate change. Achieving the goals of Feed the Future and the Global Food Security Strategy requires careful consideration of the impact of relevant climate science on agricultural production, while at the same time considering other cross-cutting issues that influence agricultural growth, poverty alleviation, and resilience—especially gender and nutrition. This policy note summarizes assessments of these linkages in Bangladesh under GCAN.
Increasing temperature, erratic rainfall, and other extreme events, such as floods and droughts, pose severe threats to development in Nigeria. Climate change will have significant adverse impacts on crop production and livelihoods, making the country’s poor and disadvantaged people even more vulnerable. It is imperative that the impact of relevant climate science on agricultural production be considered, together with important cross-cutting issues that influence agricultural growth, poverty alleviation, and climate resilience—especially gender and nutrition—if the goals of Feed the Future and the Global Food Security Strategy are to be achieved. This policy note summarizes assessments of these interlinkages in the Nigerian context under GCAN.
By Lilian Nkengla-Asi, Suresh Chandra Babu, Holger Kirscht, Scarlett Apfelbacher, Rachid Hanna, Amare Tegbaru
Climate change has major impacts on the food security and livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Africa south of the Sahara. Vulnerable to the vagaries of weather and to being chronically poor, women farmers are unequally and more negatively affected by climate change and seasonal changes than male farmers. This study aims to understand how men and women in Cameroon’s Southwest region differ in their vulnerability to and their coping strategies for climate change impacts. Data collected through focus group discussions and in-depth interviews from four rural communities in the Southwest region showed that most respondents (both male and female) had observed a change in the climate in the previous 10 years. According to respondents, climate variables such as the timing and length of the rainy season had changed, affecting crop production of both men and women. Women were shown to be more vulnerable than men, as the changes led to a reduction in yields, which affected family well-being. Men and women in the researched communities strive to cope with climate change and related seasonal variations in different ways. Whereas most men tend to move away from the area in a search for paid jobs in the cities, women remain in their own communities and work to diversify their livelihood activities. Other coping strategies for men and women in the research communities include income diversification, planting of early-maturing crops, and use of pest-resistant seeds. Men and women have different experiences and different adaptation strategies to climate change and seasonal variations in weather patterns. Understanding such gender differences could facilitate the development of gender-sensitive policies and programs and could help improve sustainable and more inclusive adaptation strategies.