IFPRI BLOG: Why paying attention to gender matters for climate change adaptation

By Elizabeth Bryan, Patti Kristjanson, and Claudia Ringler Until recently, there has been little evidence supporting the need to focus on the gendered dimensions of agriculture and climate change. Why? Because few researchers have been talking to women in agriculture as well as men--both of whom contribute to solving the food security challenges posed by climate change. Read more at IFPRI.org.    

Building the Case for Climate Change-Resilient Agriculture in the Philippines

By Ioannis Vasileiou They say policies and politics are much about timing. Many would argue that development is a political process itself. Thus, when travelling to the Philippines earlier this fall to participate in a Policy Forum, just a few weeks before the world is supposed to achieve a universal agreement on climate, and while the region is experiencing the effects of what is widely considered one of the worst El Niño phenomenons in years, a rigorous dialogue was expected -- one focusing on the intersection between climate change and agriculture. And that’s what happened.

Key Policy Ideas to Help Philippine Agriculture to Prosper Under Climate Change

By Timothy S. Thomas and Mark W. Rosegrant Before a new passenger jet is built, a much smaller model of the jet is built and then tested in a wind tunnel.  The wind tunnel shoots very fast moving air past the model, revealing important information about airflow over the wing and structural stability of the aircraft under various conditions. Testing a model in this way helps engineers catch any unanticipated problems their design might have, and then make corrections before large amounts of money are invested to construct the actual jet and make it ready for flight.

Project: Investigating the impact of climate extremes on future water and food security

What is the challenge? Extreme hydroclimatic events such as droughts and floods cause huge damages in South Asia and East Africa, in particular to agricultural production and rural livelihoods. Long-term climate projections suggest that more frequent and severe hydroclimatic extremes are likely to happen in the decades to come. Enhancing farmers’ coping capacity and improving agricultural and water policies is necessary to increase the resilience of rural communities towards both today’s and future hydroclimatic extremes.

Project: Analyzing Countries’ Human, Organizational and Systems Capacity and Policy Process to Proactively Respond to Impending Climate Change Challenges

What is the challenge? International research has increasingly demonstrated the devastating risks to coastal regions, particularly countries with extensive, low lying stretches of coastal land, as a result of rising sea levels. However, despite the increased attention given to climate change issues at the global level, there has been minimal organized effort to react appropriately at the country level. There is a pressing need to understand what is needed to develop and implement effective policies that mitigate climate change, especially in the context of the food and agricultural sectors. This project aims to rectify this by determining who is involved, what the individual capacities or qualifications are, what role each organization plays in the policymaking process, and what the effective capacity of the policy process system is itself.

Project: Scaling-up climate smart agriculture through policies and institutions: linking national agenda with food security

About the Project: The projects aims to scale up the concept of 'climate smart villages', being implemented by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). This is being done through improved policies and innovative institutions leading to mega-programs at national and sub-national levels. It will first develop decision support tools to prioritize climate smart investment options, and then evaluate alternative policies and institutions, assess their trade-offs to meet the multiple goals, and evolve policies, programs and institutions for their implementation and up-scaling.

Project: Low Emission Development Strategies and Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use

What is the challenge? It is now widely recognized that natural resource use in many developing countries, from crop production to deforestation, is responsible for the bulk of greenhouse gas emissions. We also know that in many countries, it is the agriculture and forestry sectors—not industry or transport—that provide low-cost mitigation opportunities. As countries experience economic growth, they are in a favorable position to adopt development pathways and production practices characterized by low Green House Gas (GHG) emissions. The main goal of this project is to provide an analysis of alternative development pathways in agriculture and forestry so that countries can choose among a portfolio of development strategies that weigh emissions reductions against possible tradeoffs in terms of agricultural output and revenues.

Project: Increasing women’s resilience to climate change

What is the challenge? In recent years there has been considerable attention to "gender and climate change," focusing particularly on the adverse impacts of climate change on women. However, these studies often lack a systematic empirical basis (beyond localized or anecdotal examples); where data are available, they too are often limited to comparison of male-headed and female-headed households. A further weakness is that many studies portray women as victims of climate change, without examining the extent to which women and men can be proactive in adapting to the adverse consequences of climate change or mitigating climate change. This study aims to address these oversights. The study will also provide information on the awareness and adoption of "Climate-Smart Agriculture practices" by men and women.

Project: Latin America and Caribbean climate change studies for the Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use sectors

What is the challenge? The Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use Change (AFOLU) sectors are important for the economies of many Latin American countries, especially for providing employment and income for poor rural people. Furthermore, the AFOLU sectors are important for their mitigation potential, as they are leading sources of greenhouse gas emissions in a number of countries. What has been missing is a thorough study of the impact of climate change on the sectors, weighing climate-smart policy options that might be used to both help farmers adapt and be more resilient while mitigating climate change.

Project: Global agricultural model intercomparisons

What is the challenge? Climate change poses significant challenges to agriculture and food security, but our understanding of these challenges, their impacts, and options to address them is limited by the data and modeling tools available. This activity contributes to systematic intercomparisons across leading global modeling efforts, linking climate, crop and economic models, as a basis for improvement in the models and ultimately in our understanding of impacts and possible responses.