LEDS Modelling Workshop – Adapting IFPRI tools and methodologies to the Colombian policy context

cross post from Globalfutures.cgiar.org by Daniel Mason-D’Croz Bogota, Colombia A workshop dedicated to presenting tools developed at IFPRI and their potential for use in Colombia was given with the participation and collaboration of the Colombian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural development (MADR), the CGIAR Program for Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS), and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA). During this workshop, three researchers from IFPRI presented models used in the Low Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS) project studying the potential effects of land-use change in Colombia.

Low Emission Development Strategies for Agriculture and Other Land Uses: The Case of Colombia.

By Alex De Pinto, Senior Research Fellow It is widely recognized that natural resource use in many developing countries, from crop production to deforestation, is responsible for the bulk of greenhouse gas emissions. We also know that, in many countries, the agricultural and forestry sectors can provide low-cost climate change mitigation opportunities. As countries experience economic growth and choose among the available development pathways, they are in a favorable position to adopt natural resource use technologies and production practices characterized by low GHG emissions. Rather than embedding high emissions practices in their development and intervene on emissions reduction at a later stage, they can utilize Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS). (New IFPRI report) The U.S. Government launched an initiative, the Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS), to support developing countries’ in their efforts to pursue long-term and transformative development. The initiative supports sustainable and climate-resilient economic growth compatibly with a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (USAID, 2011). Under the EC-LEDS initiative, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has conducted an analysis of Colombia’s GHG emissions deriving from land use change and crop production for the period 2008 - 2030. One of the greatest challenges facing policymakers is the design of solutions to multi-dimensional problems and devising LEDS is an example of multi-objective policy making: increasing agricultural productivity and food security in a changing climatic environment while reducing GHG emissions. The purpose of our work is to help policymakers in their evaluation of trade-offs, opportunities, and repercussions of policies that that target GHG emissions reduction.

Climate Smart Solutions for African Farmers : The time is now!

Cross-posted from ccafs.cgiar.org Better management of agricultural risk today can help farming systems adapt to increased weather and climate extremes in the future. More extreme floods, storms and drought. Increased outbreaks of pests and disease. And even more uncertainty about what the growing season will bring. Climate change will likely heighten these risks to agriculture, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where adaptive capacity is already weak, threatening food, farming, and livelihoods.

Featured originally on IFPRI Blog : UN International Day of Rural Women

by Claudia Ringler, Deputy Director, Environment & Production Technology Division We know more and more about what our planet faces as climate change intensifies and greenhouse gas emissions lead us on a probably irreversible path of global warming and uncertain rainfall patterns, at least for the next four decades. As policymakers prepare foranother round of climate change negotiations in December in Lima, Peru, they are no longer only discussing climate change prevention, or “mitigation.” It is imperative that we also turn our attention to “adaptation”; learning to adapt to climate change now is critical because climate change is affecting livelihoods, particularly in rural areas. Read More

New paper analyses country strategies that reduce drought-related risks for farmers

By Nicola Cenacchi, IFPRI

Droughts are a common occurrence worldwide, but major concerns are growing over their long-term disruption to global agricultural production. This year alone, droughts have damaged the coffee industry in Brazil and caused the death of hundreds of cattle, and losses to staple crops in Central America, triggering food shortages, higher prices, and ultimately threatening the food security of poor households across the region.

Building Resilience in the Face of Climate Change and Weather Shocks – UPDATED

Building Resilience in the Face of Climate Change and Weather Shocks - Organized by IFPRI and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs “We have a broken food system today… Climate change is simply a threat-intensifier; it is making what is already perilous even more difficult.” - Rachel Kyte, Group Vice President and Special Envoy for Climate Change with the World Bank   Featuring high level speakers and perspectives on climate change, this IFPRI event is available to watch here. Further IFPRI analysis of the event is available here.      

Exploring the climate-conflict nexus in Sudan

Cross-post from PIM

There has been a growing interest in understanding the ways in which extreme weather events and resource scarcity may trigger conflict.

Vulnerability to both climatic and violent shocks varies across the globe and depends on various factors that usually make poor areas more likely to be affected. The Horn of Africa -the region in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with the largest concentration of pastoralists- is extremely vulnerable. This part of the African continent has experienced high conflict levels and it is prone to climatic fluctuations that can have dramatic consequences on its rural population.

New climate change report shows innovative tool to measure value of climate services for farmers

By Arame Tall

Climate information can be a powerful tool in helping rural communities adapt to climate risk. But not all information is created equal, nor is access to information equal. To better understand the value of climate information in these communities, researchers started out by asking: does climate information matter to women farmers? The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in conjunction with the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), and CGIAR Centers, has been engaging in projects to deliver climate services to smallholder farmers across Africa and South Asia.

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Project: Investigating the impact of climate extremes on future water and food security

What is the challenge? Extreme hydroclimatic events such as droughts and floods cause huge damages in South Asia and East Africa, in particular to agricultural production and rural livelihoods. Long-term climate projections suggest that more frequent and severe hydroclimatic extremes are likely to happen in the decades to come. Enhancing farmers’ coping capacity and improving agricultural and water policies is necessary to increase the resilience of rural communities towards both today’s and future hydroclimatic extremes.

Project: Latin America and Caribbean climate change studies for the Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use sectors

What is the challenge? The Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use Change (AFOLU) sectors are important for the economies of many Latin American countries, especially for providing employment and income for poor rural people. Furthermore, the AFOLU sectors are important for their mitigation potential, as they are leading sources of greenhouse gas emissions in a number of countries. What has been missing is a thorough study of the impact of climate change on the sectors, weighing climate-smart policy options that might be used to both help farmers adapt and be more resilient while mitigating climate change.