Policy note on the interlinkages of Climate Change, Gender and Nutrition in Nigeria

Increasing temperature, erratic rainfall, and other extreme events, such as floods and droughts, pose severe threats to development in Nigeria. Climate change will have significant adverse impacts on crop production and livelihoods, making the country’s poor and disadvantaged people even more vulnerable. It is imperative that the impact of relevant climate science on agricultural production be considered, together with important cross-cutting issues that influence agricultural growth, poverty alleviation, and climate resilience—especially gender and nutrition—if the goals of Feed the Future and the Global Food Security Strategy are to be achieved. This policy note summarizes assessments of these interlinkages in the Nigerian context under GCAN.

Climate change and variability: What are the risks for nutrition, diets, and food systems?

By Jessica Fanzo, Rebecca McLaren, Claire Davis, and Jowel Choufani

The paper uses a food systems approach to analyze the bidirectional relationships between climate change and food and nutrition along the entire food value chain. It then identifies adaptation and mitigation interventions for each step of the food value chain to move toward a more climate-smart, nutrition-sensitive food system. The study focuses on poor rural farmers, a population especially vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change on nutrition, although we recognize that there are other vulnerable populations, including urban poor and rural populations working outside of agriculture. Although this report does not explicitly exclude overweight and obesity, it focuses primarily on undernutrition because this nutritional status is currently more prevalent than overnutrition among our target population.

Climate-Based Information for USAID Missions: Future Projections vs. Historical Data

By Timothy S. Thomas

Most scientists studying the impact of climate change on agriculture use climate models that project out to 2050 or beyond – some even going to 2100. Even those focusing more short-term rarely study anything earlier than 2030 – the models just have too little change in that time period for them to produce anything of interest. These climate studies can be of significant help to USAID missions when working with host governments in developing longer-range investment plans in the agricultural and environmental sectors, and can also be of help in assessing climate risk in activities that are meant to have impact for multiple decades.

Yet many climate risk assessments for USAID activities need to assess climate impacts for just a few years into the future, for example, just until the early 2020s. For those assessments, typical climate models and studies are not helpful. In such cases, missions would be better served by looking at climate trends from gridded weather data available from a number of sources.


Charting gender issues in agricultural development research under climate change

By Elizabeth Bryan
Agricultural development policies and interventions that ignore gender dynamics miss opportunities to maximize benefits, including increasing resilience to climate change and variability. As more policy-makers and development practitioners acknowledge the importance of addressing gender in their work, they can draw on a growing body of research that highlights key entry points for more effectively integrating gender.

The challenge of our lifetime: How to ensure nutrition for everyone under climate change

By Claire Davis and Jessica Fanzo
The connections between climate change, the global food system, and nutrition are woefully under-acknowledged. Yet the agriculture-food system is particularly vulnerable to climate change. For many regions, especially in the global South, it will be more and more difficult to produce enough nutritious, safe food for everyone in the future. This relationship is complex: climate change threatens our ability to feed a growing planet, but the food system also contributes significantly to greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs).

A new IFPRI discussion paper, “Climate Change and Variability: What are the Risks for Nutrition, Diets, and Food Systems?”, examines these connections in order to provide an overview of the existing research landscape. The paper uses a food systems approach as it analyzes the bidirectional relationship between food and climate along every step of the food value chain, from a farmer’s seed supply to a consumer having a meal.

A new path to policy: Colombia’s participatory climate leadership

By Alex De Pinto

President Donald Trump’s announcement that the United States will withdraw from the 2015 Paris agreement on climate change, has cast the accord’s ultimate effectiveness into doubt. Nevertheless, the deal has pushed countries to devise innovative methods for limiting their own carbon emissions. An assessment of IFPRI’s contribution to shaping Colombia’s path to meet its Paris targets provides useful lessons on incorporating research into policy-making.

How to ensure nutrition for everyone under climate change and variability

By Jessica Fanzo, Rebecca McLaren, Claire Davis, and Jowel Choufani

The intersection of climate change, food security, and nutrition is critical given that the growing adverse impacts of climate change threaten food security and nutrition outcomes, especially for the most vulnerable in the global South. Climate is a potential driver of nutritional status, but dietary choices can affect both nutrition and climate. A better understanding of the pathways linking climate change and nutrition is key to developing effective interventions to ensure that the world’s population has access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food. Undernutrition can be exacerbated by the effects of climate change at all stages of the food value chain. In addition, disease is affected by climate and can, in turn, increase the demand
for nutrients, while reducing nutrient absorption.


LEDS Modelling Workshop – Adapting IFPRI tools and methodologies to the Colombian policy context

cross post from Globalfutures.cgiar.org by Daniel Mason-D’Croz Bogota, Colombia A workshop dedicated to presenting tools developed at IFPRI and their potential for use in Colombia was given with the participation and collaboration of the Colombian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural development (MADR), the CGIAR Program for Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS), and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA). During this workshop, three researchers from IFPRI presented models used in the Low Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS) project studying the potential effects of land-use change in Colombia.

Low Emission Development Strategies for Agriculture and Other Land Uses: The Case of Colombia.

By Alex De Pinto, Senior Research Fellow It is widely recognized that natural resource use in many developing countries, from crop production to deforestation, is responsible for the bulk of greenhouse gas emissions. We also know that, in many countries, the agricultural and forestry sectors can provide low-cost climate change mitigation opportunities. As countries experience economic growth and choose among the available development pathways, they are in a favorable position to adopt natural resource use technologies and production practices characterized by low GHG emissions. Rather than embedding high emissions practices in their development and intervene on emissions reduction at a later stage, they can utilize Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS). (New IFPRI report) The U.S. Government launched an initiative, the Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS), to support developing countries’ in their efforts to pursue long-term and transformative development. The initiative supports sustainable and climate-resilient economic growth compatibly with a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (USAID, 2011). Under the EC-LEDS initiative, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has conducted an analysis of Colombia’s GHG emissions deriving from land use change and crop production for the period 2008 - 2030. One of the greatest challenges facing policymakers is the design of solutions to multi-dimensional problems and devising LEDS is an example of multi-objective policy making: increasing agricultural productivity and food security in a changing climatic environment while reducing GHG emissions. The purpose of our work is to help policymakers in their evaluation of trade-offs, opportunities, and repercussions of policies that that target GHG emissions reduction.

Climate Smart Solutions for African Farmers : The time is now!

Cross-posted from ccafs.cgiar.org Better management of agricultural risk today can help farming systems adapt to increased weather and climate extremes in the future. More extreme floods, storms and drought. Increased outbreaks of pests and disease. And even more uncertainty about what the growing season will bring. Climate change will likely heighten these risks to agriculture, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where adaptive capacity is already weak, threatening food, farming, and livelihoods.